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Clans symbols.jpg

This is a list of Japanese clans. The ancient clans (gozoku) mentioned in the Nihonshoki and Kojiki lost their political power before the Heian period. Instead of gozoku, new aristocracies, Huge families emerged in this period. In the late Heian period, warrior class clans (Samurai) gradually gained power and subsequently dominated the country.




Ancient clan names[]

There are ancient-era clan names called Uji-na (氏名) or Honsei (本姓).

Imperial Clan[]

  • The Imperial clan - possibly descended from the Five but had been called "the royal clan" (王氏) if necessary.

Four noble clans[]

  • Minamoto clan (源氏) - also known as Genji; 21 cadet branches of Imperial House of Japan.
  • Taira clan (平氏) - also known as Heishi; 4 cadet branches of Imperial House of Japan.
  • Fujiwara clan (藤原氏) - descended from Fujiwara no Kamatari.
  • Tachibana clan (橘氏) - descended from Prince Naniwa-Ō, son of Prince Shōtoku-Taishi (572-621), 2nd son of Emperor Yōmei; no direct relation to the feudal Tachibana clan (立花氏)
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